Life insurance policies allow you to name a beneficiary. A beneficiary is the person(s) who will receive the face amount of the policy in the event of your death. Choosing a life insurance beneficiary may seem like a simple matter, but there are things to consider. Here’s 10 tips from Grange Life Insurance on choosing a beneficiary.
1. Keep the purpose of the policy in mind.
The reasons why you’re buying life insurance should drive your choice. Do you want to provide financially for your family after you’re gone? If so, your spouse might be the best choice. If you want your company to continue, it might be your business partner.
2. Know your options.
When choosing a beneficiary, there are more options than your spouse or kids. Generally, you can designate any one or more of the following examples as a beneficiary:
- One person
- Two or more people (and you decide how the benefit is split among them)
- The trustee of a trust you’ve established
- A non-profit or charity
- Your estate
3. Have a back-up.
On your policy, the primary beneficiary is the person(s) or entity you select to receive the life insurance proceeds upon your death. However, if your primary beneficiary can’t be located, refuses the proceeds or is deceased at the time of your death, then a secondary (or contingent) beneficiary becomes the recipient. Make sure you follow the same advice for selecting a secondary beneficiary as you would for choosing the primary one.
4. Keep it up-to-date.
One of the most common oversights with a life insurance policy is not keeping the beneficiaries up-to-date. Say you’re single and name your mother as the primary beneficiary, but later on you get married. If you didn’t update the beneficiary on your policy, then the proceeds will still go to your mother.
5. Be specific.
In addition to keeping your beneficiaries current, remember to be specific when you name them. If you name “my children” as beneficiaries and one of them dies before you, do you want the other child(ren) to get the entire benefit or the deceased child’s heirs to get their parent’s share?
6. Avoid designating a minor.
State regulations may limit if or how much a minor child can receive from life insurance proceeds, so the court may have to appoint a guardian to administer the funds. That can be a lengthy process, and one that typically requires multiple court dates. To avoid this, think about either setting up a trust or designating an adult you trust to oversee the distribution of the money to the minor.
7. Don’t unwittingly disqualify your beneficiary from other benefits.
According to the Social Security Administration, a person who is aged, blind or disabled and receives Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and/or Medicaid could potentially have their monetary benefits reduced or suspended if their inheritance increases their income, based on program eligibility. If one of your beneficiaries needs to use these benefits after your death, take federal regulations into consideration before adding them as a beneficiary.
8. Don’t count on your will to override your beneficiary choices.
Make sure your wishes are honored by having your will match your life insurance policy. If you update your will, take the time to update your life insurance beneficiaries (and vice versa). In the event your will and life insurance beneficiaries do not match, your life insurance beneficiary designations will win out every time. Remember, life insurance is a contract and will be enforced as it is written.
9. Be aware of state laws.
Typically, in community property states, your spouse would have to sign a waiver if you designate someone else to be the beneficiary. Check with us for details on this and any other questions you have surrounding designating your life insurance beneficiaries in your state.
10. What happens if you don’t designate a beneficiary?
If you neglect to designate any beneficiaries (or all of them predecease you), the life insurance proceeds will be paid to your estate. If that happens, the probate court will decide how to handle the funds. This could take a while and possibly chip away at the proceeds. So, in order to get the money into the hands of those who need it as soon as possible, designating a beneficiary is the way to go.
We hope that gives you some ideas on how to structure your beneficiary, but if you have any questions, please Contact Us.
Life policies are underwritten by Grange Life Insurance Company, Columbus, OH, and are subject to underwriting review. Not available in all states. This article is for information purposes only. For specific coverage details, always refer to your policy.
– Insurance Information Institute
– Social Security Administration
About David Dempsey Insurance Agency
Founded in 1984 by David Dempsey, David Dempsey Insurance Agency serves Rome, GA, Floyd County Georgia, metro Atlanta and surrounding area. Focusing on insurance for families and individuals, we don't provide quotes - we provide auto and home solutions for our fellow community members. We also specialize in insuring retail businesses, restaurants, health clubs and child care / home care centers.